Satellite-based prediction of rainfall interception by tropical forest stands of a human-dominated landscape in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

TitleSatellite-based prediction of rainfall interception by tropical forest stands of a human-dominated landscape in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsNieschulze J, Erasmi S, Dietz J, Holscher D
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Volume364
Pagination227-235
Date PublishedJan
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-1694
Accession NumberISI:000263011700004
KeywordsAERIAL IMAGES, AIRBORNE, BIOMASS, Canopy, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, CLASSIFICATION, INFORMATION, Local maxima, Logging, MONTANE FOREST, Quickbird, SPATIAL-RESOLUTION IMAGERY, Texture, TEXTURE ANALYSIS, TREES
Abstract

Rainforest conversion to other land use types drastically alters the hydrological cycle in which changes in rainfall interception contribute significantly to the observed differences. However, little is known about the effects of more gradual changes in forest structure and at regional scales. We studied land use types ranging from natural forest over selectively-logged forest to cacao agroforest in a lower montane region in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and tested the suitability of high-resolution optical satellite imagery for modeling observed interception patterns. Investigated characteristics indicating canopy structure were mean and standard deviation of reflectance values, local maxima, and self-similarity measures based on the grey level co-occurrence matrix and geostatistical variogram analysis. Previously studied and published rainfall interception data comprised twelve plots and median values per land use type ranged from 30% in natural forest to 18% in cacao agroforests. A linear regression model with local maxima, mean contrast and normalized digital vegetation index (NDVI) as regressors was able to explain more than 84% (R-adj(2)) of the variation encountered in the data. Other investigated characteristics did not prove significant in the regression analysis. The model yielded stable results with respect to cross-validation and also produced realistic values and spatial patterns when applied at the landscape level (783.6 ha). High values of interception were rare and localized in natural forest stands distant to villages, whereas low interception characterized the intensively used sites close to settlements. We conclude that forest use intensity significantly reduced rainfall interception and satellite image analysis can successfully be applied for its regional prediction, and most forest in the study region has already been subject to human-induced structural changes. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

URL<Go to ISI>://000263011700004
Alternate JournalJ. Hydrol.