Historical and Structural Analysis of Modern Indonesia Capitalism -- A Case Study of Kalimantan Forest Industry

TitleHistorical and Structural Analysis of Modern Indonesia Capitalism -- A Case Study of Kalimantan Forest Industry
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsWang Y-C
JournalProceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China, Part C: Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume9
Pagination212-233
Date PublishedApr 1999
ISBN Number1018-4473
KeywordsBourgeoisie, Capitalism, Civilian Relations, Class Formation, forestry, Historical Development, INDONESIA, Military, State Society Relationship
Abstract

Examines the historical development of capitalism in modern Indonesia from the perspective of the relation between the state & the capitalist class. The development of forest industries in Kalimantan is used as a case study to analyze the formation of the bureaucratic capitalist class. In Western Europe, the early stages of capitalism were marked by an uneasy & antagonistic relationship between the capitalist class & the state apparatuses. The latter were to provide a liberal & legitimate environment for the development of the former. In contrast, Indonesia lacked a native capitalist class; consequently, the developing capitalist class lacked the ability to counteract the state apparatus & relied on it to provide a stable political order, suppress union's activities, & enhance capital accumulation. In addition, the military bureaucratic group neither maintained administrative neutrality nor upheld the principle of administrative professionalism. Rather, they utilized the state apparatus as a tool for personal capital accumulation. The military bureaucratic group allied themselves with the capitalists to form a new bureaucratic capitalist class. Adapted from the source document.